oils and aromatics mentioned in the Bible were more valuable than gold
and silver. Israel's King Hezekiah kept "the spices,
and the precious ointment" (2 Kings 20:13) together with silver
and gold in the royal treasure chamber. The Greek historian Pliny
the Elder documented the stringent security measures taken in the
processing of frankincense at Alexandria, Egypt: "Good
heavens! No vigilance is sufficient to guard the factories... before
[the workers] are allowed to leave the premises they have to take off
all their clothes."
Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary defines anoint as "to apply oil to as a sacred rite, esp. for consecration." It has been suggested that the holy anointing oil described in Exodus 30:23-25 is a symbol of being set apart for special purposes in God's kingdom. People and objects were anointed throughout the Bible: Aaron and his sons were anointed priests, the Tabernacle and all of its vessels were anointed before being put into service, and Saul and David were anointed to be kings. The Hebrew word for Messiah, Moschiach, means "Anointed One." Jesus Christ was twice anointed with oil of spikenard, which was so expensive that Judas was indignant that it wasn't sold to raise money for the poor.
God mandated that the anointing oil be fragrant when He instructed Moses to add spices and fragrant oils to the base of pure olive oil. Psalm 45 informs us that the garments of the Messiah are fragrant with myrrh, aloes, and cassia. In one Bible translation of Philippians 4:18, Paul described gifts given as "a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God."
Incense was offered twice daily in the Tabernacle and later in the temple in Jerusalem. In Proverbs 27:9 we are told that "ointment and perfume rejoice the heart." The New Testament suggests that the incense offering represents the prayers of saints. In Revelation 5:8, four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints," the King James translators chose to translate the Greek word "thumiama" as "odours" rather than "incense." According to Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, "thumiama" (Strong's #2368) means "fragrant powder burnt in religious services." (See also Revelation 8:3-4.) The ritual use of incense represented God's power over life and death, in Numbers 16:46-48 wherein the High Priest Aaron walked through the congregation with it, stopping a deadly plague.
|Aloes / Sandalwood -(Santalum album)
"And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by
night, and brought a mixture of myrr and aloes, about an hundred
pound weight" (John 19:39). The documenting of
biblical plants and aromatics down through the ages has been
inexact. The first entire book on plants was not published until
1566 by Levinus Lemmens. Many botanists believe that aloes was
derived from sandalwood, one of the oldest incenses known to man.
Its 4,000-year history includes use as a carved wood as well as
distillation for its sweet-, woody-, and fruity- scented oil. The
great quantity of myrrh and aloes used in preparing Christ's body for
burial was indicative of respect. Sandalwood is high in
sesquiterpenes and has been studied for its ability to oxygenate the
Cassia - (Cinnamomum cassia) "All thy garments smell of myrr, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad" (Psalms 45:8). Two of the oldest known spices in the world are cinnamon and cassia. While cassia is similar to cinnamon, it has a more pungent, less delicate aroma. It was an ingredient in the holy anointing oil and the insense that was burned daily in the temple. Cassia oil is distilled from the plant's leaves and twigs. In Job 42:14, Job bestowed the name Kezia (Hebrew for cassia) on one of his three daughters. Cassia oil is among the most antiseptic of essential oils.
Cedarwood - (Cedrus atlantica) "And he spake of trees, fro the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: (1Kings 4:33) The cedars of Lebanon, were used to build Solomon's Temple and Herod's Temple where Christ taught. Cedar was an integral part of two biblical purification rituals - one for lepers and another for those who were impure from touching a dead body (Leviticus 14:1-32; Numbers 19). Cedar was noted for its incorruptibility; and in ancient times, clothing was anointed with cedar to protect it from humidity. Cedarwood was recognized historically for its calming and purifying properties.
Cypress - (Cupressus sempervirens) "He hewest him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak, which he strengtheneth for himself among the trees of the forest" (Isaiah 44:14). The cypress tree is renowned for its durability. The sturdy cypress doors of St. Peter's in Rome, for example, show no signs of decay, even after 1,200 years! The mighty cypress groves of Lebanon were described in the Apocryphal Book of Ecclesiasticus as trees "which groweth up to the clouds" (50:10). Some Bible scholars believe that cypress may be the "gopher wood" used to build Noah's Ark. Cypress is sued to support the circulatory system.
|Frankincense - Olibanum - Boswellia carteri)
"Who is this that cometh out of the silderness like pillars of
smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of
the merchant?" (Song of Solomon 3:6). An ancient synonym
for frankincense is "oilibanum," derived from the Latin Olium
libanum (Oil from Lebanon). Frandincense may have been sold in
Lebanon, but it is grown in the desert regions of Saudi Arabia, Yemen,
and Oman. Becauyse frandincense symbolizes divinity, it was one of
the three gifts given to the Christ child. The temples of
antiquity were fragrant with the aroma of burning frankincense. As
late as the reign of England's King George III (1760-1820), frankincense
was burned ceremonially in the royal chapels. The healing power of
frankincense was known in antiquity since people used frankincense to
cure everything from gout to a broken head.
Galbanum - (Ferula gummosa) "And the Lord said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum;
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|TWELVE OILS OF ANCIENT SCRIPTURE KIT||Code:
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