X - Team Research ...
Here is an excerpt from an excellent book by Collin Wilson & Rand Flem-Ath, The Atlantis Blueprint. "In his quest, Collins and a friend visited Cappadocia, in eastern Turkey, and discovered a kind of lunar landscape of hardened lava, mostly from the volcano of Erciyas Dag. The landscape is full of towers created by wind erosion. Early Christians tunneled into them to make hermits' cells and chapels. This area was also where Catal Juyuk, of the earliest cities in the world, flourished about 8,000 years ago.
After they looked at many of these early 'churches', the guide suggested that they might like to see the 'underground cities'. 'What underground cites?' Collins asked. The guide explained that they were made by Christians who were trying to escape persecution by Muslims in the time of Mohammed. He drove them to a village called Kaymakli, where a subterranean city had been discovered in 1964. It was a kind of underground tenement, with several levels and corridors 10 feet wide and 6.5 feet high. Doorways were closed by huge round stones that could be 'locked' from the inside. It seemed that the builders of these high-ceilinged rooms were, for that time, exceptionally tall. Another underground city had been discovered beneath the town of Derinkuyu, it had no fewer than 8 'stories', although, in spite of ventilation shafts, it was completely invisible from the ground above. It was big enough to hold a population of 20,000. ( !! )
|There are over 40 underground cities in this area.|
As I read Collin's account, I recalled that I had seen something about these cities - there are 36 of them - in a book by Erich Von Daniken called According to Evidence. Predictably, Daniken's theory was that the local inhabitants had been visited by extraterrestrials, who departed after threatening that they would return and punish those who did not continue to obey their orders, so the locals had retreated underground. Even if the notion of extraterrestrial's was accepted, this ideas does not seem credible, since the inhabitants would have needed food, which had to be grown above ground, and cultivated fields -with cattle- would have revealed their whereabouts. The same applies to the guide's explanation the Christians had taken refuge in these cities to hide from Muslim. To 'hide' in such places would be simply to be caught like rats in a trap.
|It was built during the 9th - 10th centuries during the period of the spreading of Christianity, as a city of defense and hiding sites. The 8 floors of this underground city are built around a ventilation stack. The ceiling height of rooms on each floor, surrounding a ball, is 2m. The chapels are larger than the rooms and the ceilings are higher.|
In fact, there could only be one purpose in building such a city(ies) underground: to escape the temperature of the air above ground. In stifling hot summers and freezing winters, the temperature in the underground cites remained around 8 degrees Celsius
Collins says "there is geological evidence that Turkey was plunged into a mini-ice age for about 500 years in the middle of the ninth millennium B.C. This made more sense. If the landscape was covered with snow and ice and scoured by freezing winds, an underground city would be as comfortable as a Hobbit hole." Of course, food & supplies are still an issue. The local archaeologist, Omer Demir, told Collins that he believed that the oldest parts of the 'city' dated to the late Paleolithic Era, perhaps 8,500 B.C. Older parts were hewn out with stone tools, not metal. Moreover, it had been made by two types of human being, and those who carved the oldest part were much taller the others - again, they had made their ceilings higher.
We have seen that it is conceivable that the break-up of the Kharsag community through a return of ice age conditions could have occurred earlier than the O'Brien's believed - that is, before 10,000 B.C. O'Brien had worked out this date for the founding of Kharsag, about 8,200 B.C., From the fact that the cedars of Lebanon had existed from about that time. If he was wrong about Kharsag being situated in Lebanon, then that date was purely arbitrary. If Kharsag was affected by the 9,600 B.C. catastrophe, and it had flourished for over 2,000 years, as O'Brien believes, that would push its foundation back to perhaps 11,500 B.C. Is it not possible that work began on the subterranean cities at that time? Collins cites a Persian legend in which a shepherd called Yima is told by God to build a 'var' - an underground city or fortress - to protect men and animals from freezing conditions brought about by an evil demon. Nearly 2,000 human beings are to be taken into the city for their protection.
Could this legend also be referring to the underground cities of Cappadocia? There was a strong connection between Kurdistan and its neighbor Persia, in which case there is an arguable connection between these subterranean cites and the end of the last ice age.